The Apache Software Foundation Blog
The Apache Software Foundation Celebrates 15 Years of Open Source Innovation and Community Leadership
Budapest, Hungary –19 November– At ApacheCon Europe, members of the Apache community commemorated The Apache Software Foundation (ASF)'s fifteenth anniversary and congratulated the people, projects, initiatives, and organizations that played a role in its success.
Recognized as the leader in community-led Open Source software development, the ASF was established to shepherd, develop, and incubate Open Source innovations "The Apache Way". Reflections on achievements over the past 15 years include:
- ASF @ 15 Statement by Chairman Brett Porter http://s.apache.org/RYD
- Sponsorship and Stewardship by President Ross Gardler http://s.apache.org/oLh
- Community Over Code by Executive Vice President Rich Bowen http://s.apache.org/AQJ
Apache products power half the Internet, manage exabytes of data, execute teraflops of operations, store billions of objects in virtually every industry, and enhance the lives of countless users and developers worldwide. Apache projects power mission-critical applications in financial services, aerospace, publishing, big data, Cloud computing, mobile, government, healthcare, research, infrastructure, development frameworks, foundational libraries, and many other categories. Beginning with the Apache HTTP Server —the world's most popular Web server— Apache software has been at the forefront of dozens of today's industry-defining technologies and tools, playing an integral role in nearly every end-user computing device, from laptops to tablets to mobile phones.
Apache software is so ubiquitous that 50% of the top 10 downloaded Open Source products are Apache projects. The commercially-friendly and permissive Apache License v2 has become an industry standard within the Open Source world. The Apache License and open development model are widely recognized as among the best ways to ensure open standards gain traction and adoption. The ASF offers a vendor-neutral space in which to collaborate whilst enabling third parties to pursue almost any for-profit or not-for-profit business model. To date, hundreds of thousands of software solutions have been distributed under the Apache License.
Amazingly, this is achieved by an all-volunteer community comprising 505 individual Members and 4,081 Apache Committers collaborating across six continents. The ASF's day-to-day operating expenses are offset by the generous sponsorship of individual donors and corporate sponsors including Citrix, Cloudera, Comcast, Facebook, Google, Hortonworks, HP, IBM, Matt Mullenweg, Microsoft, and Yahoo.
Brian Behlendorf started collecting patches to be applied to the last version of the NCSA http server. The Apache Group, consisting of 8 individuals, traded patches on a mailing list set up for the purpose. In April of 1995 the first public release of Apache (version 0.6.2) came out. Apache 1.0 released on December 1, 1995, and within a year surpassed NCSA as the most-used Web server.
Perl-Apache Project, as well as Apache PHP, Apache/TCL Project, and Apache Portable Runtime Project are established. Apache Struts, Batik, FOP, and Ant undergo "incubation". The ASF draws record attendance at the second ApacheCon in Orlando (the first-ever conference was held in San Francisco in 1998), and launches its first European event in London later that year.
Apache Avalon, Commons, and Jetspeed/Portals undergo "incubation". Work begins on next version of the Apache License. The fourth ApacheCon is held in Santa Clara, where the ASF maxim of "Community Over Code" is widespread and collaborators meet in person for the very first time. The ASF receives the Internet Service Providers Association's Internet Industry Awards for "Best Software Supplier" Apache XML's Xalan-Java 1.2.2 is a finalist in the Best Java-XML Application category in the JavaWorld Editors' Choice Awards.
Participation in The ASF booms; its process for community and collaborative development becomes known as "the Apache Way". New Board is formed: Greg Stein elected Chairman, Dirk-Willem van Gulik as President, Randy Terbush as Treasurer (later replaced that year by Chuck Murko), and Jim Jagielski as Executive Vice President/Secretary. Apache Jakarta launches sub-project BSF; the Apache Incubator Project is born: new projects include Apache Ant, Avalon, DB, Forrest, HC, POI, and TCL. Apache HTTP Server and Portable Runtime Project Management Committees are reestablished. New Board Committees on Infrastructure as well as Fundraising are formed. The ASF participates in the Java Community Process. The fifth ApacheCon takes place in Las Vegas. The first community-driven Apache Cocoon GetTogether is held.
"Web 2.0" comes to the ASF; the Apache Web Services Project is formed. New projects in the Apache Incubator include Directory, Geronimo, Gump, James, Logging Services, Maven, Pluto, SpamAssassin, Tapestry, and XML Beans. Perl-Apache Project is renamed to the Apache Perl Project, and Cocoon becomes a Top Level Project. The sixth ApacheCon is held in Las Vegas, featuring an expo exchange with COMDEX. The Apache HTTP Server wins Best Server Software by Linux Format; Apache Ant wins Software Development Magazine Jolt Product Excellence and Productivity Award, the Java Pro Readers' Choice Award for Most Valuable Java Deployment Technology, as well as the JavaWorld Editors' Choice Award for "Most Useful Java Community-Developed Technology". JavaWorld also awards Apache Xerces-J Editors' Choice for "Best Java XML Tool". SpamAssassin wins the OSDir Editor's Choice Award. The Apache License v.1.2 is released; all products of the Foundation are required to be released under the new license.
ASF Board members are re-elected: Greg Stein as Chairman, Dirk-Willem van Gulik as President, Chuck Murko as Treasurer, and Jim Jagielski as Executive Vice President/Secretary. The stable Apache License v.2.0 is released, and the ASF Contributor License Agreement (CLA) is expanded to accommodate corporate donations. New Apache projects in the Incubator include Beehive, Excalibur, Forrest, Gump, Hivemind, iBatis, Lenya, myFaces, Portals, SpamAssassin, Struts, wsrp4J (Portals sub-project), Xalan, XMLBeans, and XML Graphics. The Apache Commons project is terminated, as well as the Project Management Committee for Avalon. A New Public Relations Committee is established, and The ASF issues a formal response regarding alleged JBoss IP infringement in Geronimo. The PHP project amicably separates from The ASF, granting all rights and responsibilities pertaining to its codebases to the PHP Group. ApacheCon returns to Las Vegas for its seventh conference. Apache Ant wins the Java Developer's Journal "Editors' Choice Award".
The ASF continues to be the community of choice to spearhead new innovations through its Incubator. Numerous projects in development include activeMQ, Apollo, Bridges, Continuum, Derby, Directory, Felix, Harmony, Roller, stdcxx, Synapse, and Xerces; Apache Lucene graduates as a Top Level Project. ApacheCon returns to Europe with the eighth conference held in Stuttgart, Germany, followed by ApacheCon US in San Diego. Tomcat receives the SD Software Development Readers' Choice Awards for "Best Open Source Tool"; Software Development Magazine's JOLT! Awards recognize Apache Jakarta and Tomcat.
A new Board of Directors is elected: Greg Stein and Jim Jagielski are re-elected as Chairman and Executive Vice President/Secretary respectively; Sander Striker joins the Board as President, and Justin Erenkrantz is elected Treasurer. The Incubator matures, with new projects created to meet growing industry interest in Open Source solutions for enterprise resource planning and manage related business processes. Projects undergoing incubation are Abdera, Archiva, Cayenne, CXF, Hadoop, Harmony, HiveMind, Jackrabbit, MINA, ODE, OfBIZ, Open JPA, Open EJB, Qpid, Santuario, Shale, Tapestry, Tiles, and Velocity; Apache Cayenne, OFBiz, and Tiles graduate to become Top Level Projects later that year. The Apache Security Team is re-established, a new Testing project is established to oversee the creation of software related to the domain of software testing; in addition, and the ASF launches new Innovation Laboratories for the experimentation of new ideas without Project bylaws or community building requirements. The ASF hosts its tenth ApacheCon in Dublin, Ireland, followed by ApacheCon US in Austin, and launches ApacheCon Asia in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The Foundation establishes the Sponsorship program to help offset day-to-day operating expenses; donations are accepted by both individual and corporate contributors. SpamAssassin wins the Linux New Media Award, and Tapestry was awarded Sun's annual Duke's Choice Award for outstanding Java product innovation.
The breadth and capability of The ASF is reflected in the largest changeover its Board members since its incorporation: Jim Jagielski is elected Chairman, Justin Erenkrantz as President, J. Aaron Farr as Treasurer, and Sam Ruby as Executive Vice President/Secretary. New projects continue to germinate, including Buildr, Camel, C++ Standard Library, Pig, Quetzalcoatl, ServiceMix, Synapse, and Tiles entering the Incubator; Apache ActiveMQ, Commons (Jakarta), Felix, HttpComponents, ODE, OpenEJB, OpenJPA, POI, Quetzalcoatl, Roller, ServiceMix, Turbine, and Wicket graduate as Top Level Projects. The ASF establishes a Legal Affairs Committee to manage legal policies, as well as a Travel Assistance Committee to provide financial support to select individuals otherwise unable to attend ApacheCon. The twelfth ApacheCon is successfully held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, followed by ApacheCon US in Atlanta.
The ASF announces Ten Years of Apache; celebrates a decade of innovation in Open Source software and community development. Nearly 300 ASF Members collaborate successfully with more than 2,000 Committers; 68 Top Level Projects, 35 initiatives in the Incubator, and 23 Labs concepts are currently active at the Foundation. ApacheCon Europe 2009 was held 23-27 March in Amsterdam, with the Hackathon (face-to-face Apache project-related collaboration/development with ASF Members and Committers) open to the public and including another BarCamp. 10th Anniversary celebrations continued at ApacheCon US 2009, in Oakland 2-6 November, where both the Governor of California and the Mayor of Oakland congratulated Apache on its success and named 4 November "Apache Software Foundation Day".
Apache ACE, Chemistry, Deltacloud, JMeter, Libcloud, River, Whirr became Top-level Projects. More projects than ever submitted to become part of the Apache community: Accumulo, Airavata, Ambari, Any23, AWF, Bigtop, Bloodhound, Cordova, DeltaSpike, DirectMemory, EasyAnt, Flex, Flume, Giraph, HCatalog, Kafka, Kalumet, Lucene.Net, MRUnit, ODF Toolkit, OGNL, Oozie, OpenMeetings, OpenOffice, Rave, S4, and Sqoop entered the Incubator. Apache Alois retired from the Incubator. Apache Harmony, Jakarta, and Xindice moved to the Attic. Milestone project releases include Cassandra 0.7 and 1.0, Geronimo v3.0-beta-1, Pivot 2.0, Subversion 1.7.0, Tika 1.0, and Turbine 4.0-M1. Apache TomEE is certified as Java EE 6 Web Profile Compatible. Apache UIMA and Hadoop advance data intelligence and semantic capabilities of Watson, IBM's "Smartest Machine on Earth" demonstrated in first-ever man vs. machine competition on Jeopardy! quiz show. Apache Hadoop wins MediaGuardian’s "Innovator of the Year" award. The ASF accepted to become an Affiliate at the Open Source Initiative. New Executive Committee is appointed: Doug Cutting as Chair, Greg Stein as Vice Chair, Jim Jagielski as President, Noirin Plunkett as Executive Vice President, Sam Ruby as Vice President - Infrastructure, Craig L Russell as Secretary, Sam Ruby as Assistant Secretary, and Geir Magnusson, Jr., as Treasurer. The ASF is subpoenaed by the United Stated District Court to produce documents in Oracle America vs. Google related to the use of Apache Harmony code in the Android software platform, and the unsuccessful attempt by Apache to secure an acceptable license to the Java SE Technology Compatibility Kit. The ASF issues statement on Apache OpenOffice.org (the first mature, end-user-facing Apache project) and Open Letter to the Open Document Format Ecosystem clarifying that its code base was not pursued by the ASF prior to its acceptance into the Apache Incubator, and articulating the project’s vision within the wider Open Document Format ecosystem. 42 new ASF Members were elected, bringing the active membership to 370 individuals and 2,663 Apache Commiters world-wide. ASF Platinum Sponsors are Google, Microsoft, and Yahoo!; AMD, Facebook, and Hortonworks join Gold Sponsors Hewlett-Packard and IBM; PSW Group joins Silver Sponsors Cloudera, Progress Software and Springsource/VMWare; and Liip AG, Lucid Imagination, Talend, and WANdisco join Bronze Sponsors BlueNog, Intuit, Joost, and Matt Mullenweg. ApacheCon North America took place in Vancouver, Canada, marking the 25th event in the conference series.
The ASF exceeded 2 Million code commits: the two millionth revision was by ASF Member Daniel Kulp on behalf of the Apache CXF Project. The Apache HTTP Server remains the world's leading Web server: the Netcraft September Web Server Survey exceeded a billion Websites, stating "Apache truly dominates this market, with more than half of all active sites choosing to use Apache software". Interest in Apache's projects continued to boom, accelerating development and participation by 100% in four years: Apache Allura, Celix, Knox, Olingo, Open Climate Workbench, Phoenix, Spark, Storm, Stratos, Tajo, Tez, VXQuery became Top-level Projects. Argus, Brooklyn, Calcite, DataFu, Flink, HTrace, Ignite, Johnzon, Lens, Parquet, REEF, Slider, Tamaya, and Taverna entered the Apache Incubator. Milestone project releases included Cayenne 3.1, CloudStack 4.3, Log4j 2, SpamAssassin 3.4.0, and Spark 1.0. Apache Click was retired to the Attic. Apache OpenOffice reached a major adoption milestone with 100 million downloads. Apache TomEE won a Duke's Choice and Geek Choice Award; DeltaSpike, dubbed "the Swiss Army Knife of modern Java EE" won a Duke's Choice Award. The ASF Celebrated Document Freedom Day, with numerous Apache Projects supporting standards-based document accessibility and interoperability. Rich Bowen, Doug Cutting, Bertrand Delacretaz, Ross Gardler, Jim Jagielski, Chris Mattmann, Brett Porter, Sam Ruby, and Greg Stein were elected to the ASF Board of Directors. The ASF boasts 505 active Members and 4,081 Apache Committers. The ASF Infrastructure team continues to keep the ASF's multi-datacenter, multi-cloud deployment running 24x7x365 on multiple continents, distributing terabytes of artifacts per week and archiving more than 11 million Apache email messages. Apache's repositories changed greatly with the introduction of Git to the source code management system four years ago; since then the original Subversion repository had been decentralized and augmented with 268 Git repositories, and a robust GitHub presence with 564 different repositories. In addition, the Infrastructure team launched a new status service that provides extensive information about the health of the Apache infrastructure and activity within its projects, as well as a new code signing service for Java, Windows and Android applications for any Apache project to use to sign their releases. The ASF provided new "Powered by Apache" graphical assets for Apache projects, developers, and users to identify their affiliation with products and initiatives under the Apache umbrella. The ASF continues to flourish thanks to support from Platinum Sponsors Citrix, Facebook, Google, Matt Mullenweg, Microsoft, and Yahoo!; Gold Sponsors Cloudera, Comcast, HP, Hortonworks, and IBM; Silver Sponsors Budget Direct, Cerner, Huawei, InMotion Hosting, Pivotal, Produban, and WANdisco; and Bronze Sponsors Accor, Basis Technology, Bluehost, Cloudsoft Corporation, Samsung, Talend, and Twitter. The ASF decided to accept donations using Bitcoin, and received more than 90 transactions within 48 hours of opening its Bitcoin wallet. ApacheCon North America took place in Denver, Colorado, and ApacheCon Europe was held in Budapest, Hungary.
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